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Topics - Millet

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Citrus General Discussion / Biostimulation Foliar Sprays
« on: May 20, 2017, 02:36:29 PM »
I am reading the text book titled "Advances In Citrus Nutrition". There are several chapters on biostimulation sprays.  Biostimulation is the foliar spray application of items such as marine (fish oils), seed extracts, plant tissues (sea weed), and of all things meat industry wastes.  Meat foliar sprays contains large amounts of amino acids and peptide chains which are valuable to the tree's growth. What are biostimulators ?  They are  inorganic and organic substances or its mixtures that positively affect plant development or other physiological processes in plants.

Citrus General Discussion / Clemenluz
« on: May 19, 2017, 11:55:54 AM »
Clemenluz is another mutation of the Clementine.  Have be harvested a month earlier to aavoid frost.

Citrus General Discussion / Clemenluz - Another Clementine Mutation
« on: May 19, 2017, 11:35:25 AM »
Clemenluz is a mutation of the Clentine that ripens a month earlier - harvest before frost.

Citrus General Discussion / Global Orange Production
« on: May 12, 2017, 11:32:10 AM »
According to estimates of the USDA, 49.6 million tonnes of citrus will be harvested worldwide this 2016/2017 citrus year.

I have a Seville Sour orange that I planted from seed.  It is now 8.5 feet in height and after a long wait is producing fruit.  The node count on the seed grown tree reached maturity at about 5-feet.  Fruit production starts at 5-feet and goes to the very top of the tree.  There is no fruit, and will never be any fruit, below the 5-foot mark.  The lower portion of the tree, that portion below the required node count for maturity, will forever be immature.  The node count where maturity begins for a Seville Sour orange must be approximately at 5-feet, at least it was for this particular tree, and is probably pretty much the same for this variety. . 

Since its founding in 1935, the Citrus Department has financed its operations from the citrus growers’ self-imposed tax on their output. Last year, however, with crop loads severely diminished by the fatal greening disease, the department for the first time in its history asked lawmakers for help from the state’s general fund. The move signified how desperate the citrus industry has become since the greening plague took root.
Yet, per The Ledger, we recently witnessed an example of the growers demonstrating again the willingness to look after their own.
The Lake Wales-based Florida Natural Growers, a cooperative of 14 major Florida citrus producers, is offering $13.5 million in seed money to incentivize growers to seed new groves.
The Planting Incentive Program offered $10 million when it was originally conceived in 2014. It was so popular that Florida Natural added another $1 million a year later. As evidence of the demand it generated, only 60 percent of the orange trees funded three years ago have been planted because of a dearth of young trees.
The initiative will pay $10 per new tree, which covers about a quarter of the cost to plant a tree and bring it to fruit-bearing maturation. Still, that’s far better than nothing.
Florida Natural also has expanded the program to pay for grapefruit trees, groves of which are more depleted on a percentage basis than oranges trees, as well as lemon trees, which are largely unaffected by greening and are seen as an alternate to either of the other fruits. Thus, $10 million will be set aside for orange trees, $3 million for grapefruit and $500,000 for lemon.
The co-op will not pay to replace dead trees. That would counter the program’s purpose, which is to spur investment in new trees, which are sorely needed. Since the onset of greening, about one-third of Florida’s mature orange trees have perished, joined by roughly half the grapefruit trees.

In exchange for the cash, the recipients agree to provide their crop exclusively to Florida Natural for juice processing.
“It’s great news for the Florida citrus industry,” Mike Sparks, CEO of Florida Citrus Mutual in Lakeland, the growers’ trade group, told The Ledger recently. “It shows the private sector is willing to offer incentives to replant, and it ties in great with public incentives.”
“No one program is a silver bullet,” Sparks added. “It’s going to take a combination of incentives to get the Florida citrus industry back on its feet, which will take a few years.”

Citrus General Discussion / National Orange Juice Day
« on: May 04, 2017, 11:56:42 AM »
May 4 recognizes National Orange Juice Day, America’s most popular breakfast drink. People have been waking up to a glass of orange juice for many years and enjoying the health benefits it gives them.

Citrus General Discussion / Mealy Bugs
« on: May 03, 2017, 05:40:45 PM »
This is the time of year that Mealy bugs make a home in the calyx of the  new young fruit.  For smaller container trees, a squirt bottle filled with a horticultural oil (HO) solution works well, even a small brush works well.  For larger trees a sprayer with HO gets rid of them.   

"I think we’re going to see a rapid expansion of the Citrus greening disease in Southern California in this coming year,” Grafton-Cardwell Research Entomologist at UCR Riverside said in a speech this week. .

Some companies market their food product as “non-GMO” to create a nonexistent distinction that gives them a competitive advantage (sometimes at a premium price). For example, Tropicana Orange Juice includes the “Non-GMO Project” seal on its package, yet its sole ingredient is oranges, and there are no commercially grown, genetically engineered oranges. Every brand of orange juice is naturally “non-GMO,” provided the only ingredient is oranges.

In 10 years, Florida's round orange production fell from an average 342 boxes per acre down to 163 boxes per acre. That is a 52% reduction.
The report also noted break-even or negative cash flow groves are selling at discounted prices. The University of Florida benchmarks the typical all-in production costs for processed oranges is $2,235 per acre. Given that, the break-even number for a grove would be 225 boxes per acre receiving $2.28 per pound solids delivered (assuming 5.86 pound solids per box).

Inspectors from the California Department of Food and Agriculture are going home-to-home inspecting trees after the devastating citrus disease Citrus Greening was detected in La Habra.

Because of greening disease the estimate for Florida grapefruit harvest dropped 800,000 boxes to a total of 8.1 million boxes. Just for comparison’s sake, the grapefruit harvest during the 2003-2004 season was 40.9 million boxes.

Florida may reimburse citrus growers millions for lost citrus trees

Florida may drop a long-running legal battle and instead agree to pay millions to homeowners across the state whose healthy citrus trees were torn down in a failed attempt to eradicate citrus canker. House Republicans have agreed to spend $66 million to end lawsuits filed on behalf of homeowners in Broward, Lee and Palm Beach counties. There are also lawsuits that were filed in both Orange and Miami-Dade counties that could eventually push up the cost even more. Rep. Carlos Trujillo, a House budget chairman, defended making the payments now because lower courts have already ruled against the state in several counties. The House has included the money in its proposed $81.2 billion budget that will be voted on next week."We should pay a judgment that has been levied against us," Trujillo said. "Just kicking the can down the road for the next legislature is probably not the best idea."Class-action lawsuits were filed and courts agreed. Judges ordered homeowners in Broward, Lee, Orange and Palm Beach counties to be fully compensated. Those rulings total about $100 million and a Miami-Dade County case that remains open could double that. Part of the judgments include payments to the law firms that filed the lawsuits.

Citrus General Discussion / Red (Blood) Clementine
« on: April 08, 2017, 04:42:03 PM »
Last January I planted the Red (Blood) Clementine seeds that I got from Laaz. Some of those seeds produced just one seedling, but many of the seeds produced multiple (nucellar) seedlings. Last week I was stunned to see three of the now 3" tall 80 day old seedlings have just sent up more   nucellar seedlings.  One of the original seedlings  produced one additional tree, and two of the original seedlings produced an additional two trees.

If you still spot Central Valley California blood oranges in the store, they're probably one of the only few left. The packers and shippers said this was a fantastic year for the blood orange market.  Blood oranges and specialty citrus is garnering more prominence and growing in popularity, people appreciate the aroma and red raspberry flavor, and undertone. It used to be pretty hard to sell blood oranges and cara caras and some of the items that were fairly new to the citrus world. Now it seems like people want variety, they want to know what it is (they’re using) and are using a lot of the fruit for cooking, garnishes, even natural food coloring.

Citrus General Discussion / Is Dekopon An Alternate Bearing Variety
« on: March 20, 2017, 01:05:15 PM »
Is Dekopon an alternate bearing variety? My Dekopon tree produced it first real crop last year, The tree has already produced its first 2017 flush of new growth with only 3 or four blossoms.  One of Dekopon's parents is Ponkan, which is an alternate bearing variety. .

Citrus General Discussion / Thrips Can Cause Damage To Orange Crop
« on: March 13, 2017, 03:42:12 PM »
The telltale ring scarring on navel oranges and other citrus is the work of citrus thrips, Scirtothrips citri, a pest that can have a major economic impact on fresh-market crops. Controlling citrus thrips is essential to protecting fruit quality and the accompanying price premium. With citrus thrips, the second-instar larvae do the most damage, feeding mainly under young fruit sepals. As the fruit grows, the damage moves outward, creating the familiar ring-shaped scarring. Fruit is most susceptible to thrip damage after petal fall and until it’s about 1½ inches in diameter. As a result, control treatment made at petal fall is most effective.

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