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Messages - Millet

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Cold Hardy Citrus / Re: Taichang lemon
« on: December 14, 2018, 03:09:47 PM »
Doesn't look like a Taichang lemon,  It looks more like a Buddha Hand.

Cold Hardy Citrus / Re: Carport Cover
« on: December 13, 2018, 08:28:32 PM »
Nice looking tree.

Citrus General Discussion / Re: Citrus Greening concern?
« on: December 13, 2018, 08:22:57 PM »
No not Greening.

Citrus General Discussion / Re: Please ID these tangerine and grapefruit
« on: December 12, 2018, 08:57:28 PM »
Many people let grapefruit hang on the tree until March.  This insures an excellent fruit.   Citrus do not start producing quality fruit, until the tree reaches the age of 5+ years.

SACRAMENTO, Calif.— The Trump administration has approved the use of the medically important antibiotic oxytetracycline as a pesticide on citrus fruits like grapefruits, oranges and tangerines anywhere they are grown. The Environmental Protection Agency’s decision, released late Friday, comes just days after the agency approved residues of the antibiotic on fruit.

The EPA’s latest decision paves the way for up to 480,000 acres of citrus trees in Florida to be treated with 388,000 pounds of oxytetracycline per year to combat citrus canker and citrus greening disease. Estimates also indicate 23,000 citrus acres are likely to be treated each year in California.

The approval comes as the rise in deaths due to antibiotic-resistant bacteria has spurred leading researchers to caution against expanding use of antibiotics like oxytetracycline that are used to treat respiratory infections such as pneumonia.

“Spraying this antibiotic on millions of oranges could blunt an important weapon against harmful diseases in people,” said Nathan Donley, a senior scientist with the Center for Biological Diversity. “As researchers push to curb nonmedical antibiotic use, the EPA is approving a 20-fold increase in oxytetracycline use on citrus farms. That’s bad news for human health and wildlife.”

The analysis that accompanied the decision indicates that there is a “high” probability the use of oxytetracycline on citrus will lead to antibiotic-resistant bacteria and a “medium risk” of human health being adversely impacted.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that more than 2 million people are now infected with antibiotic-resistant organisms each year, leading to an estimated 23,000 deaths. Both the European Union and Brazil have banned the use of oxytetracycline on agricultural plants.

The EPA greenlighted the approval nationwide, despite the fact that the agency failed to fully assess risks to endangered plants and animals and found that treating plants with the antibiotic can harm small herbivorous mammals, like rabbits and chipmunks.

The approval also ignores research indicating oxytetracycline use in agriculture can degrade soil health by killing the beneficial bacteria and fungi that help decompose organic matter into nutrients that plants can use.
The EPA approval came despite numerous concerns about the risks expressed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Food and Drug Administration.

“Trump’s EPA is giving a gift to agribusiness that will endanger human health and wildlife,” said Donley. “Citrus greening disease is serious, but using important antibiotics with limited effectiveness against the disease is a terrible idea for fixing the problem.”

This decision is part of a major push to use medically important antibiotics in plant agriculture. Streptomycin, another medically important antibiotic, and oxytetracycline calcium, a different form of the recently approved oxytetracycline, are both in the process of being approved for similar uses on citrus crops.

Citrus General Discussion / Re: Kumquat varieties update
« on: December 11, 2018, 04:49:15 PM »
I've been picking a lot of Fukushu kumquats. Great tasting as a snack food. I originally purchased the cultivar due to a suggestion from Brian.

It looks more like Colorado that North Carolina.

Citrus General Discussion / Re: C35-Meyer lemon incompatibility
« on: December 10, 2018, 10:10:55 PM »
Below is what the University of Florida has to say about Dothiurella Rot. Formerly Dothiorella gregaria Sacc.  As reported in The University of Florida Compendium of Citrus Diseases

Causes a leathery, pliable stem-end rot of citrus fruits.  The fungus is distributed worldwide and has a wide host range.  It is generally of minor importance on citrus.  This fungus forms broad bands of brown discoloration in the rind, similar to discoloration caused by Diplodia stem-end rot.  Environmental conditions favoring fruit infection are similar to those of Diplodia stem-end rot.  The pathogen also causes a minor disease of citrus trees.
As one can see the University does not have much to say about the disease as the University evidently does not think it is an important disease of citrus.  Also keep in mind that Meyer lemons is certainly not an important crop in the USA.

Citrus General Discussion / Re: Pictures from middle Georgia
« on: December 10, 2018, 09:33:31 PM »
Depending on how close the two trees are to each other, they would both be pollinated by the same insects.

Citrus General Discussion / Re: Indoor Citrus planter
« on: December 09, 2018, 09:35:43 PM »
LED is indeed more efficient as far as cost of operation, but they still have a long way to go as far as an excellent light source.  I prefer Metal Halide as a grow light,

Do you think the use of antibiotics is a good or a dangerous thing in the long run?

Yes it is the dried urea.  With high humidity the white residue will once again re=wet and be available to the tree.

Citrus General Discussion / Re: Pictures from middle Georgia
« on: December 04, 2018, 04:12:11 PM »
I'm not 100 percent sure, but I think Bruce Grapefruit is a made up name by the University of Georgia.  What type of a grapefruit it is, or if it is even a true grapefruit, or some other cultivar, the word Bruce is just UGA's trademark.

Laidback, I don't think neem oil will do much to take care of leaf miner.  Because urea is a very hydroscopic chemical it should be sprayed with water.  The tree can only absorb urea when it is in the liquid state.  Even when urea dries on the leaf surface, it will rehydrate itself when the humidity raises once again.

Citrus General Discussion / Re: My Citrus trees
« on: December 04, 2018, 03:42:48 PM »
Certainly doesn't look like a tangelo. The peel seems to smooth, and the fruit does not have the traditional neck of a tangelo.  Peel a fruit and taste.  Tangelos are VERY juicy and the membranes of each segment are very thin. Because of this, eating a tangelo should make your hands juicy.  Lastly a tangelo, because it is part grapefruit, should have a somewhat sharp taste.  Try a couple fruits and let us know if your fruit matches up to the taste and texture profile.

Cold Hardy Citrus / Re: Long term cold hardy citrus breeding project
« on: November 30, 2018, 03:51:08 PM »
How did the  N1triVos get its name?  Does the formulation of the name have a special meaning as to the cultivar's family tree?

Citrus General Discussion / Re: Curling leaves
« on: November 30, 2018, 03:46:07 PM »
I find channeling in my larger containers more or  less frequently, especially if they have not been soaked in quite some time..  To correct the dry portion, I soak the container by setting it in a larger container and fill it with water and let the tree soak for an hour or so..  Many times I let the tree soak over night.  Either way, I then put  two boards on top of an empty container and set the tree on the boards to drain.. 

Citrus General Discussion / Re: Curling leaves
« on: November 30, 2018, 10:55:19 AM »
Your tree's leaves really are curling.   Reading your past posts, I understand your caution on watering due to past root rot problems.  Know however, it is not the amount of water that actually casus root rot, it is the lack of root zone oxygen that causes the damage, and this is caused by the porosity of the medium. You should slip your tree out of its container and examine the root system, to determine if the entire root ball is receiving water.  Water many times channels through the container laving some section wet, while other sections remain dry.  Also determine the porosity of the medium.  The leaves look under watered.

Citrus General Discussion / Re: All My In Ground Trees Are 2 Months Early
« on: November 26, 2018, 10:07:38 PM »
Partial green NZL are the best in my opinion.(like limes are picked).

Citrus General Discussion / Re: All My In Ground Trees Are 2 Months Early
« on: November 25, 2018, 09:00:07 PM »
I just picked a couple fruit off my New Zealand Lemonade tree.   This season I picked some NZL fruit like one would pick a Lime, that is green with some yellow showing.  I also picked some fully yellow.  Still good, but not as sweet.

Citrus General Discussion / All My In Ground Trees Are 2 Months Early
« on: November 25, 2018, 07:59:36 PM »
My Cara Cara, Dekopon, Ponkan, Marsh Grapefruit, Valentine Pummelo and Bittersweet Orange are all in full flush and bloom.  Normally my in ground trees flush/bloom around January 10 +-.   The flushes are not small flushes, but a full general flush over the entire tree's surface. As soon as all the flowering is complete, the trees will receive a foliar spray of low biuret urea, to reduce any post bloom fruit drop.  Then during the fruit cell expansion period another low biuret urea spray to increase fruit's size.

Citrus General Discussion / Re: Proptek Air Pruning pots
« on: November 22, 2018, 10:51:46 PM »
The 8 cell seedling trays provides enough room for a new seedling to grow to transplanting size.   You might be able to germinate your seed directly in the Proptek trays,  however this might give you a number of blanks, where a seed did not germinate.  Transplanting from the 8 cell seedling trays would insure a tree in every Propket cell.  However, transplanting would also raise your cost both in trays and labor.

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