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Topics - JoshuaTilaranCR

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1
Quick question for eating Lagos Spinach. I see on the ECHO site it says it needs to be cooked before eating because of oxalic acid and nitrates. It's also said to be added to soups when I search for recipes. My question is, if I add this to a soup do I need to precook it to remove the oxalic acid and then add it to a soup or can you just add it straight to the pot?

2
The other day I was chopping down some stuff in my front yard and I think I have a round leaved Mexican sunflower that grew from seed.

I have nothing else to say about it really, just thought it was cool and different haha. Here is a picture.




3
I went to the market today in Cañas, Guanacaste and finally found someone selling jorco, which here is a yellow Garcinia. I've had something that was said to be intermedia and the fruit was small and the skin was edible. This fruit is bigger, say golf ball sized to almost racquet ball size. The seeds are also bigger and more elongated. The skin is thick and cracks easy and has an acidic, astringent taste that is kind of piney. Say like the skin of a jaboticaba but stronger. The fruit is acidic at first then sweet with the more orange ones being sweeter. I'm hoping it's humilis, I've been trying to get my hands on one for a couple years now.








If you need clearer pictures I can get better ones. These are the "holy s, I finally found them, let me show my wife" pictures

4
The other day I was taking a ride along some back roads when I saw this banana with a small rack along a stream. I got out and checked it out because they looked different from a normal banana. Does anyone think they're the Pitogo variety?

I cut the rack and brought it home and it's starting to color up already. I guess when it's ripe I can comment on the taste and see if it compares to the Pitogo but I'm excited to know if it is so I can go grab a pup and plant it back here at the house! I like collecting different varieties of banana and this would be a cool addition.










5
Tropical Fruit Discussion / Origen of "Butterscotch" Sapodilla?
« on: May 24, 2022, 10:08:27 PM »
I heard on some video that the Butterscotch Sapodilla was found in Costa Rica by Zill's. Is this true, and if it is, is either of the ones they offer on their website the Butterscotch variety? Here's a link to their page...

https://www.zillplantas.com/nispero.html

I'm planning to swing by there on Friday to pick one of these up!

6
My wife and I went for a walk the other morning and I was asking her the name of a tree that looks like a huge cashew and flowers the same. She told me the name and we happened to find a fruit on the ground. The fruit is green, elongated and curved, kind of like a green worm. She told me it was ripe, i didn't think it was because of the color but she took a bite and told me it was fine. I ended up eating the rest of it. It has a sweet taste, something like a green melon, like the way you wish a green melon would taste because it was a stronger flavor and sweeter.

The seeds and bark/wood also have caustic oils like cashew and the seeds can be toasted and consumed like them also. I haven't tried the seeds yet but I'll gather some and throw them in some coals and let them cook and see how they are. I've had a bad experience once from toasting a cashew on an open flame and getting the oils squirted onto my shirtless stomach. Not fun!

The tree grows to be very large here in Guanacaste Costa Rica along stream beds in the seasonally dry forests. It also grows on the Atlantic slopes and is said to range from Guatamala to Ecuador. I wish I took a picture of the fruit but i didn't think to. The next time we walk that way I'll be on the lookout and post it here in this thread

7
Here's some pictures of a fruit that a friend brought us today. When I saw it I thought it would probably have a super thick rind but I was wrong. It's about the size of a small to medium grapefruit, has the taste of a lime when first cut and I just tasted it again and it got a little bitter. It's very sour, just like a Persian lime with a similar taste. For scale, the 500 coin is about the size of an US half dollar







8
Citrus General Discussion / Remaking the Australian Red Lime Hybrid
« on: December 30, 2021, 12:35:02 PM »
Right now I have both a pink flesh (I think) finger lime and a rangpur lime flowering and I want to remake the cross. As of now I've taken the rangpur pollen and put it on the finger lime.

How was the cross first made? Who was pollen and who was fruit parent? When there are a couple more finger lime flowers open I'll cross them back to the rangpur just for redundancy.

9
Tropical Fruit Discussion / Causes for palm weevils.
« on: December 11, 2021, 08:11:00 PM »
I recently had my only coconut that was just starting to flower get broken from high winds. I thought it weird for a palm so strong to basically crack at the base but when I brought it down I saw the whole center was mush and there were huge grubs eating basically everything. Even the young leaves had strips eaten right up the center of the leaf stem.

I had the plant mulched at the bottom with wood chips and then throughout the year I would toss grass clippings around it too. It was never piled up at the base but it was touching the trunk. My wife believes from having it mulched it brought the weevils, could that be the case? The damn things would fly into the house at night and since I thought they were just beetles I would toss them back outside and leave them be.

10
Tropical Fruit Discussion / I made a grafting knife!
« on: December 06, 2021, 04:35:48 PM »
I'm not sure where to post this, I don't think there's an off topic forum so I'll toss it here.

I'll start off by saying I love knives, I have a small collection of pocket knives and chef knives. I tried a high carbon steel knife one time and never went back to stainless. So one day I was in the pulpería (little store) here in my town when I saw a small putty knife and I had an idea. I saw it has a little rust on it so I knew it wasn't stainless. It cost me a whole 350 colones (about USD 55 cents). I brought it home and when I had a chance I took it to my stones. On the top I did a chisel grind and on the side I did a 50/50 grind which is normal on most all knives. I started on a coarse stone and finished on a 3000 grit and it came out pretty good! I've used it once to do a graft into a lemon tree i have in my front yard, I wanted to put my key lime on it and see how it does. Here are some shots, they're not great but you can get an idea.







11
Tropical Vegetables and Other Edibles / Is this Gotu Kola?
« on: December 02, 2021, 02:04:17 PM »
This was growing in a plant we bought and planted in the ground. I thought and think it was Gotu Kola so I left it. It tastes kind of like celery and runs underground on thin white rhizomes. When I search for Gotu Kola on Google a lot of different leaf forms come up, some look like it and some don't so I don't think I could get a good ID just going by Google. It's becoming a ground cover which I think is beneficial but if I'm wrong please let me know so I could try to get rid of it.









12
Can someone identify what might be biting my soursop branches? When the branch is green I find little black spots on them and as they grow the spot opens to a gash. I imagine something is biting it and sucking out the sap but I've never seen anything on there that might be the culprit. The only thing I've seen that could be but I never find a bite when I take them off is a thick white scale with a red or orange dot on the inside. I haven't seen that scale on any other tree in my yard and it's like a big shield shell. I'll try to find one and post a picture of it. I spray the tree once a month with a soap and oil mix that kills any aphids but doesn't work so well on scale.






13
Tropical Fruit Discussion / My Jaboticaba in Costa Rica
« on: November 06, 2021, 09:58:55 AM »
Two years ago I asked the guy in town who owns a nursery if he could get me a jaboticaba and I told him I wanted a big one, it didn't matter what the price was. I think it's probably Sabará. I paid about $25 for it, which he said he was embarrassed to charge me so much. It's about 5.5ft tall now, last year it put on quite a bit of new growth and it started to flower in January but the dry windy started here soon after and the flowers aborted. This year it hasn't grown much, even from the start of the rainy season in June until now. I didn't have much hope for it to do anything but the bark started to peel a couple weeks ago and I just realized it has a bunch of flowers starting out.

Is it weird that it didn't do much at the beginning of the rainy season and it's just starting to flower now, towards the end of it? I thought they reacted to rain and grow and flower with the start of the rainy season. I'm hoping the winds don't start here before it can set some fruit!









14
Citrus General Discussion / Is this a rough lemon?
« on: October 25, 2021, 12:48:30 PM »
A lady that lives in our town brought this lemon to me yesterday. She says it grows at her neighbors house and they cut it back and she grabbed some fruit for me. It's certainly a lemon smell and the taste is sour but also has a sweetness to it. The oil in the skin is very fragrant and it seems to have a lot of oil, I found a lot dripped on the counter after squeezing the juice out of it.





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Tropical Fruit Discussion / When to prune Jackfruit based on my climate
« on: October 22, 2021, 01:10:26 PM »
I got a jackfruit last year that was about 2.5ft tall, planted it in the ground and it took off and grew to maybe 6-8 feet before the dry season here. It wanted to grow still in the dry season but because of the wind here it was stunted, the leaves were shriveled and burnt but it kept at it and when the rainy season started again it took off again and is now maybe 12-15 feel tall. I want to take the lead down a couple feet and let it get wide but I want some advice of when to do it. The dry season will start here again in a month or two, along with strong winds. Would it be better to take it down now or should I let it ride out the dry season and cut it when the rains start up again?

My instinct tells me to wait but someone here would have more experience to answer the question for me. Here are some pictures



16
I'm not sure if this is the right place to post this but I have a Brugmansia in my front yard and it grows very quickly, flushes with flowers and then drops most of it's big leaves and starts to resprout and grow. I've been chopping it back to about 2 feet high each time it gets to about 8 feet and I drop the branches and leaves all around it. I notice how quickly the leaves break down and I thought it would be a good chop and drop plant but the fact that it contains scopolamine and other compounds makes me wonder if they would be taken up by the plant I'm using it around as a biomass. Am I thinking too much or is it something I should avoid just in case?

17
I've had a cas guava for three years now, the first year I had it it flowered profusely on a plant that was about 4 feet tall and never set fruit. Last year it had maybe 3-4 flowers and also didn't set fruit. This year it had about 15 flowers on a tree that's almost 7 feet tall and 4-5 feet wide and they're just passing now. I don't think any fruits took. This year I decided to watch the flowers and try to pollinate them on my own but when I went to get the pollen I noticed that every single stamen was curved up away from the pistil and none of the pollen was powdery. It was all hard like it hadn't matured. I kept checking the flowers during the day and never saw the pollen mature. Is this normal in cas guava or all guavas? Is there a known method to hand pollinate these guys?

All my trees are fed with grass clippings and compost and if I can get my hands on it, wood chips. It grows well and doesn't seem deficient of anything. Here's a shot of the flower, it was taken at 6pm.


18
Tropical Fruit Discussion / Compatibility of Pouteria species in grafting
« on: September 14, 2021, 08:53:10 AM »
I have in ground what I believe to be either a Mamey Zapote or a Green Zapote. I'll know for sure hopefully in a year since it is holding quite a few fruit. I also have in a pot an Abiu and I was thinking of putting a scion of it onto the Zapote as a sort of insurance for the Abiu since I haven't been able to plant it yet. Are these species compatible for grafting?

I read an old study about grafting Mamey Zapote to Canistel rootstock and it said all the scions died but it concluded that canistel was a good candidate for grafting Mamey Zapote, which is at least confusing so I thought I'd ask here for anyone who's had experience and success

19
I live in northwest Costa Rica in a small town outside of Tilarán. I've managed to collect some neat "rare" fruits that a lot of people around here don't know about and I want to try and find more. I know people in the central valley have lots more selection and in Limon and southern Puntarenas also but up here it's difficult to find different stuff. Even in the farmers markets where one could easily source seed they usually just have the best selling stuff and nothing out of the ordinary. Now that you know my situation, here's a list of things I want to try to find...

Eugenias -
Pitangatuba
Pitomba
Cherry of the Rio Grande
Rainforest Cherry

Garcinias -
Achachairu or other new world species

Red or scarlet Jaboticaba (I think everyone has sabara here)

In a couple days, on Sept 2 to the 7 I'll be in the US visiting my family in Connecticut, if someone has some pitangatuba and red or scarlet Jaboticaba seeds and can get them to me at short notice up there I'd be interested in purchasing from someone up in the US at least for those seeds. Thanks for looking!

20
I bought this tree last year from my wife's uncle who has a garden center. He called it "Sapotillo" and I thought it was a níspero or sapodilla so I brought it home and planted it. It's a grafted tree, not a seedling so I thought it must be something good. It grew well last year but I nipped the tips of the leads and set it back a little. The side branches didn't have as much vigor as the leads. It made it through the dry and windy season like a champ and as it started to rain I was watching the growing tips for flowers which never came. One day I realized that it was flowering on last year's growth and it's already out on about 100 flowers. It looks like there might have been a couple fruit set so far but they're still very small. The plants leaves are much smaller than a Mamey Zapote which I think would rule that out. I just noticed on the small fruits that they're a little hairy,not sure if that might give a lead as to what it might be. I know with what I'm posting I can't get a name but I'm hoping for at least a lead as what to expect. Here are some pictures.


 







21
I went to a river today with my wife and kids to swim and found this tree growing just off the path down to the river, maybe 20 feet above it. It's certainly an annonaceae species judging by the flowers and it looks exactly like a pawapw. Here are some pics...












22
I got this plant towards the end of the last rainy season here, planted it in the ground and it took drought and strong winds all dry season with almost no problems, just a couple lost leaves. It's starting to put out new growth now and I was wondering when they flower? Not the season or the month, just an idea like as they're starting to put on new growth or as the new leaves mature or after the new leaves mature.

I'm guessing this is either G. intermedia, brasiliensis or humilis, it was described as the "bigger Jorco", the smaller one is most likely intermedia but it's never fruited so I don't know for sure.




23
Tropical Vegetables and Other Edibles / Trimming casava branches
« on: March 10, 2021, 11:12:23 AM »
I'm trying to make plans to plant a small area in my backyard this coming rainy season, it will include casava, corn, beans and sweet potatoes. Would trimming the stems of the casava to open them up a little have any adverse effects? I've never seen anyone here trim them but I don't see it bothering the plant much.

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Tropical Fruit Discussion / Rose apple and wax Jambu questions
« on: March 05, 2021, 06:45:52 PM »
Yesterday I found some green Wax Jambu at the farmers market, the first couple I ate had seeds but most of them didn't. I saved them and have them in a germinating tray right now. Has anyone grown these from seed and if so about how long will they take to flower and fruit?

Also yesterday a friend of my wife gave us some rose apple and I'd like to either do an air layer or take a cutting from it to grow myself. Which way would be better? I saw somewhere that a person took a cutting of wax Jambu and it rooted easily and quickly but I imagine an air layer could get me a bigger piece of the tree and most likely have it producing quicker than a cutting.

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Citrus General Discussion / A couple citrus questions and observations
« on: February 11, 2021, 03:01:14 PM »
First, I'm wondering if anyone has heard of a variety of kumquat called "Kumchau". I got it from an Asian guy in Cañas, Costa Rica. He sold (he has since passed away) a bunch of different varieties of fruit tree he brought here from, I think, Taiwan. Here's a picture of the description of this kumquat.



It's described as a sweet variety and it definitely is. It's very prolific and usually grows, rests, flowers, rests and grows again.

Second is trying to come up with a name of two different lemon varieties I have here. One is called "American Lemon" and I'm told it's a yellow lemon,the second is "Verdelli" and it was described to me as like a persian lime, not many seeds but less sour and it gets yellow when allowed to ripen. I don't have pictures of any of the fruits,this is the first year flowering for me on the american lemon. The Verdelli had two fruits but my dogs knocked them off before they could fully ripen. The closest I've come to ID'ing the Verdelli is reading it is the Verna lemon from spain and italy that they force to flower and pick while still green and it's like a bumper crop. Really all I want to know is if anyone here has grown these types and if they are actually yellow lemons.

Third is an observation, the other day I was searching pictures of lemon blossoms and saw something mention a lemon blossom tea, so I went out and picked a flower that wasn't going to fruit and ate the petals. They're absolutely delicious! They taste slightly sweet with a floral lemon note and a little nectary. Something I think that could be used as a garnish on a salad or with fish maybe

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