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Messages - cassowary

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1
Tropical Fruit Discussion / Re: Not enough Durian Discussion
« on: September 23, 2023, 05:43:33 AM »
I was checking on my durians yesterday and was surprised to find one durian with quite a bit of damage. Any ideas on what could have done this? I checked the leaves for pests and nothing. Only one durian was badly effected and one other had very minor damage. PS. I believe this a Durio lowianus :)


Just a normal herbivore insect. Nothing to worry about. Just give it a bit more love ya know.
It would be amazing if itís a lowianus! Well you will know when it flowers!!

Yeah Bali is great for durian, really good diversity. In big towns durian tend to be old sometimes so bali requires more due dilligence then Thailand for example.

Fruit nerd,
Fruit forest farm nursery have kutejensis and graveolens. No more then 25-35 for a seedling.
Dulcis you have to grow out from seeds from fruit you get of River, Dulcis have been the hardest for me to establish, idk what the problem is but they just donít get vigorous. Idk what I am doing wrong with them, just more finky then zibethinus and all other durio sp. IMO.

Thats amazing, to hear about a flowering kura kura!

For everyones info, phytophra is an alge and not a fungi.
They reseblem fungi but are not.
That is why mulch helps since it encourages mychorizea which in turn will eat the cellulose membrane of phytophra palmiviora.
Using fungicide for phytophra is foolish. Most time plant issue is miss diagnosed as phytophra.

Phytophra isnt even an issue irl. More like alleopathic plant medicine marketing propaganda.
If you keep pigs away, mulch properly and make sure there is enough moisture in the soil there wonít be an issue with anything regarding durian, they are resllybl strong trees given proper care.
Pigs, drought and wind kill durian up here.
Not phytophra.
This advice if for common FNQ Soil types and climate.

Peace,
Feast on durian :D

2
Tropical Fruit Discussion / Re: TM Red Jack Fruit
« on: August 19, 2023, 03:08:52 AM »
Timor red is not a great jackfruit IME.
And it does not have red arils IME.
The name is deceiving.

Itís cruchy.

Itís worse then a number of our random seedlings.
Itís no way close to amber in quality IME.

I am just saying this so that people donít think itís just their tree that isnít good or meet up to hype etc.

Real ďredĒ or ďvery dark orangeĒ jack is really good IMO!
Like 10/10 and Timor is like 4/10.

Not hatin just my opinion :D

At around 10cm girth the jackfruit tree will be able to hold a fruit to maturity and should be flowering,IME.
And thats anything from 2-3 years from seed sown for a seedling.
But depends on environment.
Usually young treeís donít give good flavour if many fruits are kept on.
We thin out the fruit early on for young treeís.

Peace!





3
C. Maxima does well here with a short dry season.
Rarely ever more then 3-4 weeks without any rain and between 4-6000mm per year.
But there is a monsoon season which gives the majority of the yearly rain.

They gonna grow a lot, so you just gotta keep em short for access to fruit.
Otherwise I donít have anything to add. Not really that expereinced with citrus.

4
Zion.

For us here males start flowering at 3 m if they got the right spot.
For us the girth at 3m is about 8cm at 30 cm from ground.
Females flower later.

After sexual maturity the growth is greatly reduced since photosythates are going to flower and fruit rather then leafs.

Do they have full sun?
If not they will grow until they get it. And you will end up keeping them at a size they donít want to be.

If itís growth between fruiting then just try to keep em short with regula frequent pruning. Better then doing big surgery :p


Here we usually get first braches at around 1,5m.


5
Tropical Fruit Discussion / Cempedak season AU
« on: August 19, 2023, 02:19:04 AM »
When is the normal cempedak season in AU FNQ?

I have just come across them sporadically over the the years so havenít been able to form an idea around when main cempedak season is.

Cooktown to tully.

In May I had some in Woopen creek.

In March I have had some in whyanbeel.

Jack is usually sep-dec around mossman.
Cempejack I know of have been same season as jack.

Maybe itís after durian season kinda??

But itís a but strange this year because iív got almost mature breadfruit now. Usually only the small samoan fruit of season for me.
And Iív had some strange off season durian flowers too.

No mature cempedak treeís here yet so canít say.

Cempedak is the Prince of fruit IMO! To ugly to be queen I guess :p

Peace!

6
Tropical Fruit Discussion / Re: Garcinia discussion thread
« on: August 18, 2023, 02:56:24 AM »
Nice looking trees booey.

 Anyone know what this garcinia is? Flowering at the moment, possibly warenii


 Also picked a few Dulcis to snack on


Looks like warenii.

7
A soil test will let you know what the soil needs.
By throwing this compound fertiliser you could potentially reduce yield long term.

And it might be an expensive way to keep trees going.

A soil test with proper agronomic guidance will give the best results IMO.
Cheapest and best long term impact.

There are no fertilisers that work specifically better for any type of trees. It all depends on the soil.
These retail products are just cleaver marketing with a high price tag.

If you wanna do foliar, it would be good to learn how to take leaf brix index measurements before and after because then you can see if what you put on had an impact on sugar production or not.

Peace

8
Anybody using Azomite?
Peter


Itís very expensive here in au since itís imported.

But there are local sources of this aluminum silicate sedimentary type of material.

I use it to reduce sun burn on plants I move from the shade house to full sun, it sticks quite well. With a bit of glue(cose) it sticks better. Gluecose source is usually molasses.

I havenít seen any inporovent using original azomite brand as a foliar or added to potting mix.
Probobly because the potting mix is already good enough.

Best soluble potassium would be potassium sulphate. Really affordable here in au atleast.
Stay away from potassium chloride.

Potassium sulphate is quite solible so will leach out quite fast.

If you already have high Mg probobly best to avoid Langebeinite.
But maybe your on calcitic soil?

Sorry have no experience with greensand.
If your soil is already high in potassium or have incorrect ratio of K and P then adding more will not likely increase fruit quality.


9
Tropical Fruit Discussion / Re: How many people eat mango skin?
« on: August 12, 2023, 07:51:32 PM »
Some have more edible skin than others.
NDM has such thin skin it's hard to avoid eating it if eaten out of hand, but a normal common Bowen mango have very thick skin so it's a bit on the high side on the "bitterness" scale so I don't eat it on that variety.
It really depends on the variety.

10
Tropical Fruit Discussion / Re: Garcinias in shade.... Eugenias, too???
« on: August 12, 2023, 07:47:38 PM »
agree with booey

11
Tropical Fruit Discussion / Re: Dwarfing a vigorous tree
« on: August 08, 2023, 07:59:24 PM »
Thanks for publishing that video Satya!
I watched the video and I have similar concerns as Jessie expresses in the video, tall durian and dabai.
I could definetly try this becuase it has high sucess rate and can be done in the field easy. No risk of losing a dabai tree, that's one of my biggest concern with grafting for me, loss of the tree when it is small. Dabai seeds are not easy to come by.
I have a sansapote in the field that is growing well but they aren't to vigorous here so no problem for me with them.
But dabai tree's do put out many shoots when cut so would be hard t graft it to itself, and even sometimes they die when tipped when they are young.
3 out out of 5 times onlt one new shoot comes up for dabai. But with many other tree's you get multiple, like durio for instance.

I can see that cutting of the apex auxin dominat leader would push growth in the remaining growing tips and then they grow away from each other creating a wide tree. But still one tip will try to dominate so have to cut that one even with this method I assume.

I wounder how much it will dwarf a dabi longterm, maybe the graft juncture would reduce sap flow. But it might take longer before the tree becomes mature since the sap flow might be restricted.
The Dabai still have to attain a certain girth I assume. And when I have observed tree it seams that the first branches appear above 3 m, no matter how much sun the tree gets, it seams to be a trait of the Canarium family. Similar with Canarioum ovatum.
I have found that girth is more reliable as a measure of maturity then age. But sometimes that is not the case.

I have one fiji longan pommetia pinnata (Matoa) seedling, that is fruiting at 10cm girth, but no other fiji longan is. So idk what's up with that. Even older other matoa at 20cm with good enviromental conditions arent' flowering and fruiting.
The 10cm girth one is healthy and puts forth good fruit, not fruiting because it's dying etc.

12
Tropical Fruit Discussion / Re: Not enough Durian Discussion
« on: August 08, 2023, 05:31:18 PM »
Yeah conditions are superb at the moment, throwing in as many trees I can!

I can see we got some grape sized durian flowers on. Some people have small fruit now.

13
Tropical Fruit Discussion / Re: Dwarfing a vigorous tree
« on: August 08, 2023, 05:24:42 PM »
In my IMHO letting them fruit young also is another way of naturally dwarfing trees.

thank you Frank, at about what age? I let a couple of my mango trees fruit out of a 15g pot, they had a very nice crop but didn't produce next 2 years, got bad mbbs and I had to hard prune them. But they were nursery plants, probably root bound. Let's see if they will get dwarfed, one of them is Super Julie - a very vigorous tree

Low nitrogen fertilizing along with letting a precocious tree hold fruit early can have a stunting effect. While it doesn't always work, and can also kill a tree, sometime it does have a stunting effect. One of my oldest trees was a Hatcher planted in the ground as a 3 gal. Here is a photo of it 10 years later.



After holding lots of fruit it would only have a few growth spurts before flowering again. It has since been top worked to a Orange Sherbet which, so far, is growing more than fruiting.

Flnative,
I don't have much experience with grafting so don't want to comment on that section of the post.
But I have obesved that our Ackee tree's that started to fruit early are smaller then the ones that started to flower and set fruit later.
Some species seams to not fruit unless the girth is above a certain width. our Marang (Artocarpus odoratissiumus) never fruit bellow 10cm girth. If they are wider then 10 and don't fruit I usually have to correct the environment, soil ammendments, soil moisture, sun exposure etc.
But then for a Artocarpus sericarpus Pedali none have fruited yet and they have a girth of over 30cm. Same age as some of our Marang, growth is faster for Pedalai but still no fruit on Pedalai. Mendi is similar to Pedalai.

Satya, thanks for sharing that Durian image from Jessies place, they look healthy.
I am trying to get my seedling durian to fruit early so that they stay smaller.

14
First, Are the potted plants suffering?

You probobly have  water high in bicarbonates.

Instead of using that salt based fertiliser you could use something like chicken manure etc.
I donít mean sodium chloride when I say salt. Meaning any dissolved mineral.
Organic matter have buffering capacity so will help long term with salt toxicity.

Buy a cheap EC meter (electrical conductivity) meter of ebay and teat the potting soil.
If itís above 700 micro siemens you could have a salt problem.
With the ec meter you mix equal part soil with demineralised water and put the meter in.
You can also buy EC Probes that you put in the pot and then pour some water on.

Everytime you try to flush the salt out of the soil you take the dissolved nutrients out, so you  washing money down the drain. Better use organic manure since it has nutrients that are not locked up but bot dissolved either.

If the plants look ok and fruit for ya donít worry too mich, but testing ec is advisable and chepa.
If they are suffering, consider catching rainwater whenever you can during the year or installing a reverse osmosis filter.

Prace!





15
Tropical Fruit Discussion / Re: Soil drench quantity per tree
« on: August 02, 2023, 03:27:16 AM »
1 gallon of fertilizer is not really doing a whole lot for a large tree.

Brad,
Fish fertiliser has really good nitrogen efficiency because itís mainly amino acids. They donít leach and does not seams to form Nitrous gass as easy as synthetic ammonium or nitrate.
So you can use less.
But I wouldnt use fish emulsion since some componenets have been taken away from the fish, fat etc.
Better fish hydralysate because itís meanít to be whole fish dissolved in either anairobic bath or with potassium hydroxide.
Buying fish meal is cheaper then the liquid fish.

The efficiency is around the vicinity of 80-90%.
Sorry canít reference it, heard it at a organic growers conferance.

16
Tropical Fruit Buy, Sell & Trade / Re: RFP Musa Ingens Seed
« on: July 20, 2023, 11:13:33 PM »
I read this is a plant of the highlands,
Do you or anyone else know of it being sucessesfully growing in a lowland area, like 0-50m above sea level?

17
What is the flavour of chama compared to hirsutus?

18
Tropical Fruit Discussion / Re: Not enough Durian Discussion
« on: July 20, 2023, 11:00:42 PM »
I did get a grafted tree of the early-season durian previously mentioned here. Been in the ground for a month or two and has been growing well. Got high hopes for this tree, self-fertile, productive and fruits months earlier most trees.

I plan on trying this soon.   :D   Wish me luck x

Mike, I think Emma lives inside Elon Musks computer...
She might ask us to plugg in to the brain cable he's creating.

19
rareforestplant is good, easy to communicate with and cares. Recommended.

20
Whats the fuz about these ones??
Taste good?
Ornamental?

Maybe I am ignorant but seams like a lot of money for a syzygium seed.


21
Tropical Fruit Buy, Sell & Trade / WTB Bactris grasipae Peach palm
« on: July 07, 2023, 04:08:33 AM »
WTB Peach palm seeds
Bactris grisipae.

Can pay $50 for 10 seeds plus shipping.
Can also barter for seeds that I have. Please look at my barter posts.

Peace

22
Tropical Fruit Discussion / Re: Super long leaves Chempajack (Cheena)
« on: July 07, 2023, 03:57:44 AM »
I have one that is almost as lanceolate as that one.
But now after 2 years in ground itís looking like a normal jack.
Iív sown over 400 jack and only one was lanceolate to a large degree so itís definetly rare!!

But still idk if itís genetics or just environment/nutrition/disease etc..

23
This is what I have tried to convey to the ďnative re-veg fanaticsĒ here. They only think native treeís can save the world from the looming climate armagedon that Musk is making billons riding.

They (climate warriors) seam to also forget that Co2 sequestration is tied to leaf surface area so if the treeís photoshyntesise it respirates C02. Not only native species do thisÖ
Jackfruit, mango and some other species grow as vigourously as any natives. And establish super easy from direct seeding. Plus valuable yieldÖ hmm seams like Gates are more concerned with tree cover then feed humans.

Planting fruit treeís is againts the agenda of the government here, they seam to focus more on removing mango and coconuts and rarely plant any usefull plants on public land.
Maybe itís in their interest that free food is removed so that GST (sales tax) can flow in!

Flobal temp is govern mostly buy solar and cosmic raidiation which affect cloud cover. Anyone can look into the work of the danish scientist Svenskmark.

Deforestation is a way way bigger issue then C02 or methane etc.

Big thumbs up to Mc donalds for converting the finest ecosystmem in The world to oil palm dystopia..
Couldíve just havested the native fruit for rare fruit export. But hey selling lamp oil is profitable.

Cassowaries love jackfruit and are spreading them all through the rainforest! Canít beat the cassowary!
Sorry, cassowaries rant sometimes too..

Peace!

24
Ohh itís the sensation varitey. Itís a ok mango.
But not my favourite.

Never tried Irwin so canít tell but maybe sensation and Irwin are synonymous types?

25
Citrus General Discussion / Re: Citrus potting soil qestion
« on: July 06, 2023, 06:04:12 AM »
Whereís the nutrients???

Adding a bit of SRP (soft rock phosphate) or seabird guano and Lime or gypsum would help give the mix a bit higher EC (electric conductivity) 200-500 microcSiemens is good. And it wonít leach out fast like if you where to add non polymerised compound fertiliser. I add a bit of ozmocote (polymerised compound fert) slow release.
But starting to use poultry manure now since itís even more slow releasing and easier for myco to use.
Adding a bit of healthy compost innoculates your mix, citrus form symbiotic relationship with microorg.

Vermicompost, it depends on what the worms ate!
But should be low, I use 100% wormcastings for starting some seeds.
No issues ever.

Perlite is useless and expensive as a potting mix additive IMO.
Better add a bit of zeolite or other clay that actually can hold on to some cations and anions.

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